Nightscapes & Deep Sky Colors

Astrophotography Brian A. Morganti

M95 & M96 Spiral Galaxies + M105 Elliptical Galaxy

NGC3384 - NGC3373 Galaxies


Mouse over the above image for galaxy catalog identification

Spiral galaxy M95 is on the left at magnitude 9.69 and M96 is near the middle top and is listed at mag 9.30.  The brightest, round galaxy on the right is elliptical galaxy M105 at magnitude 10.1; lenticular galaxy NGC3384 is to the right of that at magnitude 10.7, and above that is the bluish spiral galaxy NGC3373/NGC3389 at magnitude 12.4. 

The Leo I Group is a collection of galaxies who's members, with the exception of NGC 3373/3389, lie at common distance of around 32 million light-years and share a common red shift. NGC 3373/3389 lies at twice that distance. There is a second nearby galaxy group in Leo at a similar distance - the better known Leo Triplet.  Mouse over the above image for object identification. North is to the right in this image.


  • Date & Location:  April 3rd/4th, 2013 - StarEffects Observatory - Bernville, PA

  • Weather:  Light winds, steady temperature near 31F. No snow cover.

  • Sky Conditions:  Clear with above average transparency.

  • SQM-L: 20:26 start  - 20:45 finish which is good for this time of year.

  • Optics:  TeleVue NP101is @ 540mm f5.4 with TeleVue field flattener.

  • Filter:  Hutech IDAS-LPS (Light Pollution Suppression) in image train.

  • Mount:  AP900GTO

  • Guiding:  Orion SSAG @ 5 second exposures

  • Camera:  Canon 5D MII  unmodified

  • Exposure:  18 x 8 min (2 hours 24 min total) all at ISO 800

  • Calibration Frames:  None - near freezing

  • Processing:  Images Plus 4.50b, PS CS6, GradientXTerminator, NIK filters  

  • Comments:  An unmodified DSLR was used since there were no red emission nebula to be found in the above image frame. Image above was cropped to about 2.0 degrees in width. 


Astrophotography  -  Nightscapes & Deep Sky Colors